I get asked surprisingly often, "do you recommend a way to brew coffee at home?" A friend at work recently asked me, "Melody, I buy Peet's Major Dickinson coffee for home. How do you suggest making a perfect single cup of coffee?" This is your big "how to make coffee at home" article.
First off, there are a million ways to make coffee. I know friends who use all of these brew methods: Aero Press, Clever Dripper, Chemex Coffee Maker, Coffee Pour Over (which could be a plastic or ceramic pour over), the French press, and Espro Coffee Press. There are more brew methods but those are some of the more common ones.
I'm going to feature brew methods that I might actually use at home (or do use at home) - I look for easy brew methods that make one or two perfect cups of coffee.
First off: Choosing Your Coffee.
First off, make sure you're using fresh coffee. Check the back for the expiration date. Coffee is perishable. No matter how tempting it is, do not use expired coffee. Once you open that bag of coffee, use the whole thing within 7 days. Don't store coffee (which has been opened) longer than 7 days. Don't store unopened coffee beyond the expiration date. Don't try storing it in your freezer. After 7 days, toss out any unused coffee. So start with a bag of coffee that is NOT expired, and that has been open less than 7 days.
Treat freshly-roasted coffee a little different than other coffee: The only slight exception to the paragraph above is if you have purchased freshly-roasted coffee. I mean like, literally you bought coffee that was just roasted within a day or two of when you bought it. This is sometimes called hand-scooped coffee because the barista may scoop it into a bag right in front of you! Look at the date the coffee was roasted. Add five to eight days from the roasted-on date to figure out the time for degassing. For coffee that is not in flavorlock packaging (as above), use the coffee no more than 15 days from the date of roasting for best flavor. You have 7 days from the degassing period to use your freshly-roasted coffee. By the way, I've never seen any written Starbuckian guideline that says this 15 day period that I suggest. However, plenty of Roastery baristas have told me "about two weeks" for hand-scooped coffee, and many have said "up to 8 days for degassing." A maximum of 8 days for degassing and 7 days for freshness is 15 days.
Make Sure You Have a Few Coffee Essentials:
Use 2 tablespoons of coffee for every six ounces of water: No matter which brew method you pick, use two tablespoons of coffee for every six ounces of water. Of course, you can use a standard tablespoon to measure the coffee, but I happen to especially like the copper measuring scoop shown: It's exactly 2 tablespoons. I consider a single cup of coffee to be about 12 ounces - a "tall" cup of coffee, so I automatically measure 4 tablespoons of coffee to 12 ounces of water. The copper two tablespoon measuring scoop is available at the Roastery.
I do know plenty of Starbucks partners who describe to me that they use a scale at home to measure out exactly 10 grams of coffee for every six ounces of water. This usually is going to be about 2 tablespoons but if your grind is especially fine or course, you might not have exactly 10 grams of coffee. I don't use a scale at home, but using a scale to measure would be a little more ideal for making coffee.
Use the right grind for your brew method: You'll need to have the right grind for the brew method you choose. Ideally, you should use a nice burr grinder at home that creates an even grind. For a French press, use a course grind. Shown in the photo above is my old blade grinder from the 1990s. I know that many true coffee masters cringe at that. The easiest thing you can do is buy coffee at Starbucks and tell the baristas your favorite home brewing method. Ask your baristas to grind your coffee for you.
If you're buying pre-ground coffee at your local grocery store, this is usually ground for some sort of paper filter brew method.
Use filtered water: Ideally, you should use a nice filtered water for your coffee. I'll admit, I don't always do that at home. I live in Seattle where the tap water is pretty good, nonetheless, you should use a filtered water for your coffee.
So you've picked out some coffee. You've got a few measuring utensils and filters. You're ready to go.
First brew method: The Clever Dripper:
My first brew method will be the Clever Dripper. This is my favorite home brew method. It's super easy to use. This truly takes very little effort. I found some Cinnamon Dolce Starbucks coffee in the grocery store. Very curious, I'm using that coffee for the Clever Dripper example. It's pre-ground so I don't have to worry about that step.
Put the #4 paper filter into the Clever dripper. Measure four tablespoons of coffee and pour it into Clever cone with paper filter. Boil water. Pour 12 ounces of hot water into the Clever dripper. Set the lid on the Clever dripper. Set the timer on your phone (or any timer) for four minutes. Once the four minutes is up, simply place the Clever dripper atop a coffee cup. The last step - placing the Clever on the mug - releases the coffee. That's it. So easy. And it is to clean up too.
Your coffee essentially brews for 4 minutes inside the Clever cone which won't release the coffee until it's on top of a coffee mug. Use a fairly large mug, as show in the pictures above. Since your coffee brews inside the Clever for four minutes, you don't have to worry about doing a careful circular pour, as with a Pour Over brew method. This is a forgiving brew method in the sense that you can pretty much dump 12 ounces of coffee into the Clever and end up with a fine cup of coffee.
Brew Method #2 The Pour Over
For this brew method, you'll need a cone (a porcelain cone or plastic cone - Melitta is one of the more common pour over cone brands), a paper filter, and again, we will use four tablespoons of coffee with 12 ounces of water.
Like in the above Clever dripper example, I'll be using a pre-ground coffee found at a grocery store. This time, I'll be brewing Starbucks Timor Mount Ramelau single-origin coffee. Always know that the coffee you find in the grocery aisle is often different than the coffee you find inside a Starbucks store. Part of this just is that Starbucks wants to offer coffee selections that best suit the person who buys coffee at a grocery store - for that reason, you'll find a lot more pre-ground coffee. There are actually many reasons that the selection of Starbucks grocery store coffee will always be different than in stores, but we'll leave that for another article some day!
When I opened up the bag of Starbucks Timor Mount Ramelau, I noticed a strong aroma with almost an herbaly, cola aroma. The coffee itself is medium body and has a lot of flavor. If you were to try this side by side with the blonde roast Cinnamon Dulce coffee, you'd find the blonde roast to be very thin in the mouth in comparison to this Timor Mount Ramelau.
This was a lot of fun trying the Mount Ramelau coffee at home! I think you'll like it. It works well as a pour over. For this coffee, I used one of my all-time favorite Starbucks mugs, the Starbucks Armed Forces Network mug (once in a while, it's called the "roll call" mug. Partners, if you have served in the military or you're currently a military spouse, sign up here.).
Brewing instructions for the pour over: Place the 4 tablespoons of coffee in the filter. Put the pour over on top of your coffee mug. Start by pouring a little water in the center of the pour over cone. You might see a small 'bloom' of coffee. Pause for just a few seconds. Pour water slowly over the beans, in a steady circular motion. It should take you about 2 to 4 minutes to brew a pour over cup of coffee. Voilà! A great cup of coffee!
Important tips for the Pour Over brew method or Clever dripper:
The best grind for a cone paper filter is relatively fine, like a granulated sugar.
Every true Starbucks coffee master that I've met recommends one more step not mentioned above: You should pre-rinse the paper cone coffee filter. Always boil a little more water than what you'll actually need. Use boiling water to pre-rinse the filter. This is your "rinse" water. You're doing this partly to get rid of any paper flavor that may come through your cup of coffee. Toss out the rinse water. Once your paper filter is pre-rinsed, then you're ready to start the brew methods above.
I skipped the "pre-rinse" step. Hard core coffee masters will be wagging their fingers at me. I don't see Starbucks partners in the stores doing a pre-rinse before a customer orders a pour over. It is my humble opinion that the average, ordinary coffee consumer won't be able to tell a difference between a pour over (or Clever dripper brew) that has had the filter go through "pre rinse" versus one that has not. Nonetheless, if you do the "pre rinse" step and get a good smell of that "rinse water," you'll find that it does have a strong paper aroma!
Bloom your coffee: Of course a pour over involves you pouring water gently in a circular motion over the coffee. Pour slowly, and don't pour the water down the sides of the filter. The very beginning of a pour over is sometimes called the step where you "bloom the coffee." Start the pour over by pouring water in the center of the the grounds and all over the grounds. Don't pour all your water at this time. Use just enough water that you've wet your grounds. Now stop and wait for about 15 to 30 seconds. Your coffee may release a little CO2 which causes the coffee to "bloom". Now after the coffee has bloomed, restart slowly pour water over all the grounds in a circular motion. The whole process should take about two to four minutes.
Also I've noticed that there isn't always a consensus about the grind for a cone-shaped paper filter. For sure, it should not be course like a French press grind. For pre-ground coffee in the grocery store, you'll should be fine using any paper filter brew method.
Brew Method #3 - The French Press:
Last but not least, we will get to the most classic brew method ever. For years, Starbucks advertised that the French press was the company's preferred brew method. There is no paper filter with a French press. A French press releases more of the coffee's natural oils into your cup instead of a paper filter, which means more flavor.
If you want to use the French press brew method, then you will need to either grind your own coffee or ask a barista to grind it for a press. You don't want to use any grocery store pre-ground coffee. Pre-ground coffee is almost universally ground for a brew method that uses a filter, not a course grind, which is what you'd want for a French press.
One nice thing about the press is that you can find them in many different sizes.
Simply place your coursely ground coffee at the bottom of the press. Add in water - make sure to maintain that right ratio of water to coffee. 10 grams of coffee (about 2 tablespoons) for every 6 ounces of water. Once you've added hot water just off the boil, set a timer for four minutes.
After four minutes, gently (and slowly) push the plunger down on the French press. You've got a great cup of coffee! I used Pike Place Special Reserve coffee for this example, which is exclusive to two Starbucks in Seattle: First and Pike and 1912 Pike Place.
Thoughts on Single Serve Brewers:
Both the Verismo and Keurig brewers are single serve brewers. For a long while, I used a Verismo. Basically at this stage, I'd suggest to you not to use any pod based brewer. It's expensive. Keurigs have always produced watery coffee in my humble opinion. The beautifully compostable part of the coffee - that is the ground coffee - is layered between layers of non-recyclable plastic. Last year, Keurig was on track to sell 9 billion pods. That's a lot of pods going into landfills and who knows where in our environment. Even the inventor the Keurig pod has been on-the-record saying he regrets inventing it.
I get it. We live in a land of convenience and lots of things end up in landfills. Think of all the candy wrappers, potato chip bags, and whatnot. It's just that 9 billion little pods that have a lovely compostable thing enclosed in multiple layers of plastic is just a staggering thing to me.
If you really want a single-serve cup of black coffee, I'd considered buying Via Ready Brew. It's not quite the same level of damage that those tiny, non-recyclable, thick multi-plastic layered pods are. And Via is very good. I do use it now and then - sometimes I'll have it at my office for when I can't run to Starbucks.
Other final thoughts on brewing coffee at home:
Don't reuse your coffee grounds. Once you've used them once, don't try to make a second cup with used grounds. I've seen people try this.
Remember coffee is a farm product. How your coffee tastes is going to depend a lot on what you bought (including the roast profile and whether it's a blend or single-origin coffee.)
You wouldn't go to the grocery store and buy some Honey Crisp apples and think that they'd taste the same as a Red Delicious apple. An apple isn't just an apple - how it tastes depends on what you bought. The flavor of the coffee depends a lot on what varietal you bought (or if it is a blend), how the farmer processed the coffee, and the roast profile. That's an over simplification but just as I know my readers wouldn't expect every apple to taste the same, you should know that not all coffee tastes the same.
If you're at a Starbucks and have questions about coffee, look for the baristas wearing black aprons. They're coffee masters. The only way for a Starbucks barista to wear a coffee master black apron is to earn it and be certified.
Hope you've enjoyed this coffee lesson with Melody!